What Are No-See-Ums?
No-see-ums, tiny flies known as biting midges, biting gnats, or sand flies, can sometimes be difficult to spot due to their small size, especially when they haven’t fed. Just like mosquitoes, the females bite for the blood they need to produce fertile eggs, which they then lay in moist places. No-see-ums can usually be found in gardens and near ponds, forests, and other outdoor areas, especially near water.
The no-see-um has a four-stage life cycle: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. After mating, females can lay hundreds of eggs and may breed several times during their life cycle.
How to Get Rid of Them
No-see-ums can be quite annoying, and some species can transmit pathogens through bloodsucking. But because of their very small size, they can be harder to trap than other flies. Fortunately, there are different methods you can use to avoid or get rid of no-see-ums:
These are safer than insecticides and other chemicals. Natural sprays can repel no-see-ums thanks to a powerful mixture of essential oils such as lemon eucalyptus, mint, camphor, and lemon. Once applied, they can provide several hours of protection.
These types of traps trick no-see-ums by releasing CO2 (carbon dioxide), the same gas animals and people produce when exhaling and that no-see-ums are attracted to. Some traps also use an additional scent to lure the insect. Once no-see-ums get close enough, they are captured by a vacuum or adhesive.
Having your AC running to cool down and dry out the air inside your home can prevent no-see-ums from getting inside your property, as they avoid cold temperatures and low humidity.